Competitors and Partners 

The older established organisations, such as those for the Vietnamese, Somali and Tamil refugees, founded from the 1980s onward, and more recently established organisations representing ethnic refugee communities new to the UK, such as from Francophone Africa. These organizations can appear as competitors to ICOH in attracting the funds. However, their customers are very different from ICOH. Indeed there is no organization of this kind in the local area. Instead there are a number of main NGOs and the principal refugee groups which along with a vast array of governmental agencies are dealing with Iranian refugees affairs. They can be regarded as reliable partners rather than competitors. ICOH can form fully-fledge partnership with some of them go into looser collaboration and still others can be used as referral points for clients or for reaching out to clients.

Table 1: The form of collaboration with other stakeholders

Fully-Fledged Partnerships
Looser Collaborations


Humber All Nations Alliance (HANA)
Community Integration Network (CIN)
Women Centre Hull
Open Door Hull

Humberside Police
Challenging Dependency Problems (CDP)
Red Cross Hull


Iranian Community Centre (London)
Iranian Welfare Association (London)
Iranian West Midlands Community
Iranian Youth Development Association (London)

Refugee Council UK,
Actors for Refugees
Asylum Support Partnership
Immigration Advisory Service
Migrant Helpline
North of England Refugee Service
Refugee Action
Refugee and Migrant Justice


UN Refugee agency